10 Spellbinding Poland Facts That Excite You

 There are several countries where you can try such beautiful and amazing countries if you are a castle enthusiast. You don't have to be enthusiastic as castles are not only the thing in there, the environment there will amaze you, it could be the land you dreamed of going with your loved ones. Poland, the 9th largest country in Europe, is an architectural masterpiece and a place that has a fascinating history with a population of over 35 million. A country in Eastern Europe who has plenty of castles is good in education. It seems that the country has had education facilities since ancient times, and that was why great female scientists like Marie Curie invented secret things about chemistry. More than 75 percent of Poland's population has done university education. Let's look at some valuable Poland facts, moreover than the facts mentioned briefly in the introduction. Here are 9 fascinating facts about Poland that will blow your mind.


Polish celebrates two special days.

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In Poland, you can see that some calendars have names below the dates. Here there may be more than one name per day, representing that it is the day of that particular name or names. If someone's name is written on May 12th, it is his nameday. In Poland, parents must obtain permission from the registered office to give their children a name they want, thus minimizing the possibility of a child being given a weird name. The fact is that many Polish people celebrate their birthday as well as their nameday with enthusiasm.


World's largest medieval castle is in Poland.

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Malbork Castle is the world's largest castle, and the Teutonic Order built it in the 13th century. Located in Malbork, this is a well-known landmark in Poland and expanded its size during the Crusades. This is a UNESCO World Heritage site spread over 52 acres and houses the grand masters' bodies. They were in charge of the supreme office of the Teutonic Order of various eras. Today, there is a museum near Malbork Castle. Since it is also a UNESCO site, you can enthusiastically visit two UNESCO sites from one place. 


Europe's oldest active restaurant is in there.

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Founded in 1273, Piwnica Swidnicka is the oldest restaurant in Europe that still active. Located in the basement of the Old Town Hall in Wrocław, this is a place where famous characters like Pablo Picasso had sit and spent some time. About 246 years after its creation, it has been connected to an underground brewery by the tunnel to retrieve beer barrels by the tunnel. The restaurant has  10 underground rooms, and "The Hall of Hansa and Lords" room is unique because its layout is still the same way as it was in the 15th century.


It is home to some of the world's first 12 heritage sites.

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Poland has more than 15 Unesco sites. But, Poland history is fascinating. It had the opportunity to give two sites on it to the first 12 UNESCO world heritage sites list. One is a historic center, and another is a salt mine. The historical center in Poland's former capital, which is Krakow, is home to more than thousands of historical sites and is a major tourist destination in the country. Bochnia Salt Mine is one of the oldest salt mines in the world, and this Wieliczka Salt Mine is also a part of it. Besides those historical sites, Wieliczka Salt Mine is a unique destination in Poland, which shows historical salt-mining technologies to the tourists. King Casimir III the Great made a significant contribution to Poland's salt mines, who took care of miners by building a hospital near the Wieliczka Salt Mine.


Besides historical castles, Poland is famous for its mines. 

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Poland was the 11th largest copper producer in 2017, and KGHM Polska Miedź is the major copper production company in Poland. Lubin mine is the oldest mine in Poland, and KGHM headquarters is located there. The company employs over 30,000 people and mines not only copper but also Gold, Silver, Nickel, and some other metals. Copper production is one of the massive income sources of the country. 


The first person to win two Nobel prizes was Polish.

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Poland is the country where Marie Curie came. Marie Curie was born in Warsaw, Poland, and studied at the Polish underground university. She later entered a university in Paris. Marie Curie is an excellent example to show that the Polish people are not jealous of each other. She did radium isolation and won her second Nobel Prize for it. Then she had the chance to get the patent to it, but she didn't get it because she didn't want to restrict someone to research what she found and wanted someone to continue the process she started.


Warsaw is the capital and the largest.

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With an area of ​​517 square kilometers, Warsaw was named the capital of Poland by the Polish government on February 1st in 1945. One picturesque iconic building gets the attraction of tourists who wander around Warsaw. It is The Palace of Culture and Science, and it is considered the tallest building in Poland. Moreover, the world's narrowest two-story house, the Keret House, is located there.


Before Warsaw, there were two capitals at different times.

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If you don't know the Polish capital now, it is Warsaw, but it is actually the third capital in Poland. According to some historical sources about Poland, Poland's first capital is recognized as Gniezno, which lasted until the early 11th century. After that, there was another capital, which was Krakow. King Zygmunt III Waza had moved to Warsaw due to a fire that happened in Wawel Castle. So, Krakow acted as the capital of Poland until 1596. 


Poland is home to 330+ castles.

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Poland is about three-quarters the size of California. It is incredible to have more than 330 castles in this area. Before constructing castles from bricks in Poland, wood was used, and the history of wooden castles dates back to the 10th century. These had been used to maintain the state's rules as well as to rest during the battles. Poland is divided into 16 provinces; each province has more than ten castles except Lubusz, Masovia, and Podlasie Voivodeship (Lubusz-5, Masovia-5, Podlasie Voivodeship-1). An interesting fact about Poland is that each province from 8 of the 16 provinces has more than 20 castles each. Lower Silesia province has a majority number of Castles in Poland, which is 71. The second-highest number of castles can be seen in Lesser Poland, which is 42, and the third is 33 on Subcarpathia.

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